One of the most powerful of the twelve deity Greeks of the Olimpo, virginalgoddess of the wisdom, intelligence, the peace and the war, protector of the life politics, sciences and arts, and also of the manual ability, identified with the old Italian deity Press, protector of Rome, the craftsmen, poets, professors and doctors, from the third century B.C. Son of Zeus with Métis, its first wife, left the head of Zeus, already adult and completely seted for the war. Its distrustful father later warned by its Gaia grandmother of whom Métis would give a son to it and that it would destronaria it to this, as well as it destronara Cronos and, this, Uranus, used of a scheme, convincing its wife if to transform into a different animal. Métis, imprudent, was changedded into a fly and it used to advantage the chance it engoliu and it. However, Métis already was pregnant and the gestation passed to the head of Zeus.

One day Zeus felt one strong migraine and Hefesto, the god blacksmith and of the fire, it opened it with an axe the order of the proper Zeus, where it left already adult, with helmet, armor and shield. It became favourite it of the father and together with it divided the power of storms and lightning and used the Aegis, the shield with the head of Jellyfish. More powerful goddess became, taught to it to the men practically all activities, as hunting, fishes, arc-and-arrow use, to sew and to dance. It got some victories on Airs, the god of the war and its great rival, and won Poseidon in the competition for the ownership of the city of Atenas that gained its name. It was the goddess of the work, as well as of the domestic arts and especially of the art to weave.

A mortal, a young called Lydian Aracne, had developed a great capacity to weave, to weave and to embroider. Any person who the way thought that the goddess had taught this art to it. But Aracne denied this, therefore the proper goddess was considered better that. It arrived until defying it for a competition, saying that it would pay the penalty if was won.

When hearing this, and the goddess was grumbler and taking the one aspect anciã, it visited Aracne and informed it that it was better to defy other women and to ask for to pardon the goddess for its impudence. As Aracne one was not satisfied, they had started the competition. It weaveeed the scene of its competition with Poseidon, in the presence of twelve deuses of the Olimpo. Poseidon finished to create the horse and Atena the Oliveira. In the four cantos of its part it had scenes showing what it happens with mortals who had defied deuses in the past. But the challenger did not give up the duel and weaveeed scenes showing the errors and the imperfections of deuses. Its work was fact well, but, while it advanced, they appeared each time more insults against deuses. Irritated, the goddess beat the fabric with its shuttle and cut it in pieces.

It touched Aracne in the forehead making to understand it the extension of the offence that had committed, that of so ashamed it finished if hanging. The goddess said to it that it could continue living, but so that it learned the lesson, its descendants would have to continue hung. Thus, he was transformed into spider, always weaving the line for which it would remain suspended e, thus, until today the name that the spider in Greek assigns he is aracne. Also grafada as Atená Visors, frequently he is associated with a shield of war, the owl of the wisdom or the Oliveira. According to Homero, he played an important role supporting the Greeks in the War of Troy and had participation in the judgment of Paris. Also he had important participation in the judgment of Areópago, when he judged Orestes together with the people of Atenas he acquitted and giving it the sattle of matter vote, the famous vote of Press, its Roman name.

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